XAML: An insider’s look out

Thursday the 24th of November, 2005

Zach recently posted his thoughts on Microsoft’s XAML (eXtensible Application Markup Language). As my main development environment is Microsoft’s .Net Framework, I’ve had a chance to have a more in-depth look at what XAML is and does, and feel that I should clear some points up.

Disclaimer: I have no knowledge of Microsoft’s true plans for XAML. These are simply my observations based on what I’ve read and seen on the Internet, and cursory fiddlings with XAML as part of the WinFX pre-release SDK

What is this XAML you speak of?

XAML is Microsoft’s new application markup language (as noted in the name ‘eXtensible Application Markup Language’).

This, then, automatically implies that its primary focus is applications or, more specifically, client-side applications. These could be the likes of Microsoft Word, or they could be something that runs on the client, but is hosted in a browser environment (read: Flash applications).

The raison d’être of XAML, rather than being to replace HTML, is (or rather, would appear to be) to allow client-side application developers to seperate their user interface ‘code’ from their functional code.

Why all the hubbub?

Web developers know that having a hulking great piece of JavaScriptECMAScript to build their entire user interface isn’t good for code maintenance. Why should the same not be true for client-side applications? After all, you don’t hear anyone crying “think of the children!” when people talk about XUL which is, ultimately, a different implementation of the same concept.

Personally, I think most of the noise is because Microsoft is making (and, in fact, has to make) noise about the benefits of XAML over the old-school way of doing things. Your average in-house developer, closed off from the outside world, that only uses computers for their day job will probably only care about what comes from the hand of God. Add to that the fact that Microsoft has to get the message out to what probably amounts to millions of developers, and they need to make a lot of noise.

Compare this again to XUL: it’s not the default framework for the most used operating system in the world; it has a handful of ‘big’ adopters (who are, in terms of user base, significantly smaller than that of Windows) and a (relatively) small, vocal developer-base.

The point, however, is that XUL and XAML have very similar goals in mind: seperation of interface structure and presentation from ‘logic’.


As a very strong advocate of semantic, accessible web development, the implementation details of XAML grate against my nerves slightly, but not as much as you might think.


Look at the CD Catalogue, that’s less usable friendly than what Amazon is. That makes me wonder if the web is turning too looks specific. Soon the content will be forgotten and it’ll only be about looks. With that, it looks as though its taking the focus of what the web’s built for (‘To house globally accessible documents’).

I’m not sure Zach’s comparison of the CD Catalogue tech demo with Amazon is a fair one; a better one would be to something like CoverFlow with Amazon integration. It’s also worth bearing in mind that this is a tech demo we’re talking about, not a final product.

Further, I would reiterate the point that XAML is for applications, not documents.


Zach also laments the lack of semantics within XAML, referencing setting an attribute value (Value="verticalgradient LimeGreen Green"), rather than some seperate, more semantic notation (he seperates the three values into their own attributes).

This is one point I’d tend to agree with Zach on and, in fact, take one step further: if Microsoft really want to seperate things, allow seperation of structure from presentation, too. As I noted earlier, I’ve a strong feeling that this is already possible, to some degree but, if it is, it’s almost certainly not enforced in any way (like, say, a completely different markup tailored for each, with some form of referencing).

Platform specificity

Every year more people are switching to a Mac for various reasons(I’m not going to get into a debate here), what about them? Will Mac retaliate and do their own version thus leaving Windows users in the dark on some of the web pages. Will their [sic] be a port? Will it get taken back by Microsoft in the hope to fish some Mac users over?

Looking at the direction Microsoft appear to be taking with their Sparkle Interactive Designer (as a tool to create rich applications on Windows and the web), you can almost taste the ‘we want a piece of Flash’ sentiment. Add to that the fact that Microsoft explicitly state that the output from Sparkle will work cross platform and device (in their Expression family tour). I wouldn’t be in the least surprised if we see:

Final thoughts

This is something I’ve actually been mulling over for quite a while and, much as I don’t like the approach Microsoft are taking in terms of the actual markup, I can see XAML making my life (and the lives of those I work with) far, far easier when we have to manage future application interfaces.

It is far from the panacea Microsoft are suggesting that it is, but it is still far superior to the current code-soup approach in most Windows applications.